U.S. private sector adds jobs, layoffs slow in October: ADP

Gains came from small, medium-sized firms
By Leah Schnurr
|hrreporter.com|Last Updated: 11/02/2011

NEW YORK (Reuters) —  United States private employers added more jobs than expected last month, while planned layoffs dropped sharply, underscoring the view the economy is on a path of slow growth.

The ADP National Employment Report showed on Wednesday the economy's private sector added 110,000 jobs in October, topping economists' expectations for a gain of 101,000 jobs. ADP also increased September's job additions, to a gain of 116,000 from the previously reported 91,000.

The report is jointly developed with Macroeconomic Advisers.

While the data was encouraging, economists said it pointed to a sluggish recovery in the labour market rather than robust growth.

"It portrays a job market that's improved a bit since earlier in the summer. But we're still not generating the kind of job growth that's going to be enough to bring down the unemployment rate quickly," said David Resler, chief economist at Nomura Securities in New York.

The ADP figures come ahead of the government's much more comprehensive labour market report on Friday, which includes both public and private sector employment.

That report is expected to show a rise in overall non-farm payrolls of 95,000 last month, based on a Reuters poll of analysts, and a rise in private payrolls of 120,000. The unemployment rate is seen holding steady at 9.1 per cent.

Economists often refer to the ADP report to fine-tune their expectations for the payrolls numbers, though it is not always accurate in predicting the outcome. Analysts said the release would not likely prompt major readjustments to Friday's forecasts.

The gains in the ADP report came from small and medium-size businesses, which added 58,000 and 53,000 jobs, respectively. Large businesses shed 1,000 positions.

Earlier on Wednesday a separate report showed the number of planned layoffs at U.S. firms dropped in October after hitting a more than two-year high the month before, while seasonal positions pushed hiring plans sharply higher.

Employers announced 42,759 planned job cuts last month, tumbling 63.1 per cent from 115,730 the month before, according to the report from consultants Challenger, Gray & Christmas. It was the lowest level in four months.

Hiring plans surged to 159,177 jobs last month from 76,551 in September as companies announced seasonal positions. Retail jobs led the way with 133,940 openings.

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