Apprenticeships close immigrant wage gap

On-the-job training increases hourly pay, employment options
By Amanda Silliker
|Canadian HR Reporter|Last Updated: 04/12/2011

Immigrants with a completed apprenticeship make more money and are more likely to be employed than counterparts without an apprenticeship, according to a recent study.

“We found that, overall, when you look at the differences in earnings across different education levels, male immigrants with apprenticeships do as well in the workforce as (Canadian-born) people with community college diplomas or other forms of post-secondary education, other than university,” said Ted McDonald, a professor of economics at the University of New Brunswick in Fredericton and co-author of the study.

First-generation male immigrants with a completed apprenticeship earn nearly 20 per cent more per week than those with only a high school education, according to Incidence and Returns to Apprenticeship Training in Canada: The Role of Family Background and Immigrant Status. This holds true for second-generation male immigrants who earn 15 per cent more per week.