HAVANA (Reuters) — A Canadian executive held in Cuba for nearly three years has gone on trial on bribery charges in a case closely watched by potential investors who are wary of how Cuba treats foreign executives.
Prosecutors are seeking 15 years for Cy Tokmakjian, 74, and 12-year sentences for his top managers, fellow Canadians Claudio Vetere and Marco Puche, according to a Western diplomat who has seen the charges and asked not to be identified.
Fourteen Cuban defendants also face lengthy imprisonment if convicted. The trial began last week behind closed doors and was scheduled to end on Friday. A verdict and any sentencing usually follow within a few weeks.
Cuba shuttered their Canadian trading company, the Tokmakjian Group, in September 2011, arrested Tokmakjian and took the passports of the other managers. The charges include bribery, tax evasion and other economic offenses.
All three Canadians insist they are innocent. The company's vice-president of finance, Lee Hacker, said this would be shown at trial.
"However, because of serious concerns with the lack of due process, transparency and independence in the Cuban system, we fear that the outcome has already been predetermined," Hacker said.
The case has strained Canada's relations with Cuba because Tokmakjian was held nearly 2-1/2 years without charges.
Cuba has been touting a new foreign investment law that takes effect at the end of June, saying the law is crucial to bringing in foreign direct investment needed for development.
The main feature of the law was to lower taxes. But many foreign companies say they are more interested in the general business climate, transparency and the rule of law, especially in light of Tokmakjian's lengthy detention.
The Tokmakjian Group did an estimated $80 million in business annually with Cuba, mainly selling transportation, mining and construction equipment. The Ontario-based company was the exclusive Cubadistributor of Hyundai, among other brands, and a partner in two joint ventures replacing the motors of Soviet-era transportation equipment.
It was caught up in an investigation of Cuba's international trading sector, part of a crackdown by President Raul Castro.
Authorities first closed another Canadian trading company, Tri-Star Caribbean, then the Tokmakjian Group and then the British investment firm Coral Capital, all in 2011. Top executives were arrested, netting dozens of Cuban businessmen and officials. Most have been tried and sentenced for accepting bribes.
The arrests were unprecedented for Cuba, where foreign business people suspected of corruption were usually deported.
The executives of Tri-Star Caribbean and Coral Capital were tried a year ago, convicted, sentenced and quickly expelled from the country.
The owner of Tri-Star Caribbean, Sarkis Yacoubian, who first worked for Tokmakjian and later became his competitor, confessed and fingered his former employer.
Canadian Ambassador Yves Gagnon has been present for much of the trial. The defendants may have outside lawyers as consultants in court but must be represented by public defenders.
© Copyright Canadian HR Reporter, HAB Press. All rights reserved.