Canada’s rules on mandatory retirement

||Last Updated: 11/08/2004

In Canada, labour laws do not specify a retirement age for employees. However, some laws or government policies governing specific occupations (commercial airline pilots, for example) set an age limit for persons employed in those occupations.

Forcing an employee to retire by reason of age is considered to be a human rights issue and is regulated by human rights legislation. However, in Quebec, in addition to this type of legislation, provisions contained in labour standards legislation specifically prohibit mandatory retirement.

In Quebec, forcing an employee to retire because of age is considered to be discriminatory under the Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms and the employee concerned may file a complaint with the Human and Youth Rights Commission (Commission des droits de la personne et des droits de la jeunesse).