U.S. jobless claims point to improving labour market

Four-week new claims moving average fell to lowest level since February 2008

WASHINGTON (Reuters) — The number of Americans filing new claims for jobless benefits edged higher the week of March 11, but a trend reading dropped to its lowest in five years and pointed to ongoing healing in the labour market.

Initial claims for state unemployment benefits rose 2,000 to a seasonally adjusted 336,000, the Labor Department said on March 21.

Economists polled by Reuters had expected 342,000 first-time applications last week.

The four-week moving average for new claims, a measure of labour market trends, fell 7,500 to 339,750, the lowest level since February 2008.

That could bode well for job growth in March.

Last week's claims data covered the survey period for the government's monthly tally of non-farm jobs. The four-week average of new claims fell 6 per cent relative to the survey week in February, when non-farm payrolls increased by 236,000.

Still, while layoffs have ebbed over recent months, companies have been cautious about ramping up hiring and the Federal Reserve has appeared worried that belt tightening by the government could dampen progress made in the labour market.

The Fed on Wednesday pressed forward with its aggressive policy stimulus, pointing to still-high unemployment, fiscal headwinds out of Washington and risks from abroad.

The Fed action came despite a rash of recent data showing the economy gathering strength. Retail sales have been stronger than expected, manufacturing output has picked up and employment growth has quickened, with the jobless rate dropping to 7.7 per cent last month from 7.9 per cent in January.

The central bank said it will continue buying US$85 billion in bonds per month, pledging to keep up its asset purchases until it sees a substantial improvement in the labour market outlook.

Last week, the number of people still receiving benefits under regular state programs after an initial week of aid rose 5,000 to 3.053 million in the week ending on March 9.

A Labor Department analyst said jobless claims data had not been estimated for any states and there were no special factors influencing the report. The prior week's claims figure was revised to show 2,000 more applications than previously reported.

Latest stories